Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict: Casualties mount in Nagorno-Karabakh

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Almost 100 people, including civilians, have died when fighting between Armenian and Azerbaijani armed forces over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.

The mountainous enclave is recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but has been ruled by Armenians since the end of the war in 1994.

The self-proclaimed republic has reported 84 military deaths and civilian casualties since Sunday.

Azerbaijan has not disclosed its military casualties but has confirmed seven civilian deaths.

The fighting that began three days ago now appears to be spreading to Nagorno-Karabakh.

On Tuesday, the Armenian Ministry of Defense announced that a passenger bus had been hit by an Azerbaijani drone in the eastern Armenian city of Vardenis. There were no reports of victims.

Azerbaijan previously said two Azerbaijani civilians were killed in an Armenian shelling in Azerbaijan on Monday after five people from the same family had died the previous day.

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The fighting is the worst in the conflict since 2016, and the UN Security Council will hold emergency talks on the matter later on Tuesday.

Both Armenia and Azerbaijan, which have already mobilized more soldiers and declared martial law in some areas, accuse each other of having started the fighting.

There are growing concerns that other countries could be directly involved in the conflict in the strategic Caucasus region.

Turkey has already openly supported Azerbaijan, while Russia – which has a military base in Armenia – has called for an immediate ceasefire.

Nagorno-Karabakh – key factors

  • A mountain region of approx. 4,400 km²
  • Traditionally inhabited by Christian Armenians and Muslim Turks
  • In the Soviet era it became an autonomous region within the Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but the majority of the population is ethnically Armenian
  • An estimated one million people were displaced by the war in 1988-1994 and about 30,000 were killed
  • Separatist forces captured additional territory around the enclave in Azerbaijan
  • Since a truce in 1994, the stalemate has largely prevailed
  • Turkey openly supports Azerbaijan
  • Russia has a military base in Armenia

Related topics

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  • Azerbaijan
  • Armenia
  • Nagorno-Karabakh