Nadya and Emna

Nadya and Emna grew up nearly 12,000 km apart, but share an important experience.

They have been told what they can and cannot wear by the people around them based on their religion.

In Indonesia, many politicians argue that the jilbab, a type of hijab, is mandatory in Islam and that Muslim girls should be forced to wear it from a young age. A new decree allows students or teachers to wear what they want in school now, but not every place enforces this. Nadya grew up in school and later had to be continued by her family.

In France, the opposite is the case: a new law prevents minors from wearing flashy religious clothing at school, and the hijab is gaining widespread media coverage in a country where secularism is celebrated. Growing up Emna felt that many people in French society had misconceptions about the hijab.

Learn more about believing in the heart and soul on the BBC World Service