Marie Supikova, Survivor of Nazi Terror in Czech Village, Dies at 88

And her mother died of tuberculosis.

“We recognized each other straight away, but we couldn’t speak to each other because I only spoke German and had forgotten the Czech language,” she told BBC Radio in 2012 about her reunion. “We had to have a translator from Lidice to help us talk, and my mother told me that she always believed I had lived and that she would see me again.”

After the death of her mother in Prague at the end of 1946, Marie lived with an aunt in Kladno. She graduated from nursing school in Ostrava.

She gave testimony to her Holocaust experience when she testified against members of the SS Main Office for Race and Resettlement in October 1947 at the Nuremberg Trial. When Marie was only 15 years old, she was one of three people – two teenagers and a middle-aged woman – who testified that day about the massacre and their lives afterwards.

In the mid-1950s she was married to Frantisek Supik, took the feminine version of his surname and had a daughter, Ivana. They moved from Ostrava to Lidice in 1955, which was just being rebuilt. She took on a number of local administrative tasks and was the secretary of the Lidice National Committee, which was responsible for the operation and maintenance of the village.

And she continued to tell her story, often to children. In July 2018, she and her great-granddaughter Karolina, then 10, placed a bouquet of flowers on the floor of the high school gym in Kladno to mark the place where the Gestapo separated Marie from her mother in 1942.

In addition to her daughter and great-granddaughter, two grandchildren and three great-grandchildren survived Ms. Supikova. Her husband, a roofer, died in 1990.

Before Ms. Supikova’s mother died, she took her daughter to the Lidice ruins.

“She said to Marie,” We’ll see your father, “said Elizabeth Clark, a retired journalism lecturer at Texas State University in San Marcos who is writing on Lidice for a faculty writing project.” Marie did not understand. First they went to the mass grave where he had been buried. “